A dwelling space
is a lived-in place where one meditates, discovers oneself, and is "constantly
being created and remade by human activities."1
It is a place to which one belongs, with which one identifies; it is a
place that reveals to man "the external bonds of his existence and
at the same time the depths of his freedom and reality."2
Although inner space is frequently
identified with women or a woman in literary works by both genders,3
Kelsey quotes Woolf, who inveighs specifically against
the present state of sex-consciousness, thinking it one of the tokens
of the fully developed mind that it does not think specially or separately
Although Woolf writes of allegedly feminine qualities
such as beauty, perceptivity, emotion, profusion, and an infinite capacity
for suffering, these feminine qualities are the spiritual side of every
human being, for the ideal state of man5
is an androgynous
(woman-manly or man-womanly) one:
certainly did not mean, when he said that a great mind is androgynous,
that it is a mind that has any special sympathy with women; a mind that
takes up their cause or devotes itself to their interpretation ... He
meant that the androgynous mind is resonant and porous; that it transmits
emotion without impediment, that it is naturally creative, incandescent
Through the observation
of the dwelling space as a separate entity from himself, man7
perceives it as a protective
shell, his corner of the universe, his source of self-nurturing.8
By approaching it, watching it, entering it, he acknowledges the need
for protection of individual human values and thoughts and solitude. By
standing in the road outside his dwelling space, he sees where he has
come from, what he is doing, where he is vulnerable, where he is strong.
The passing of years and the subsequent nostalgia for these lost dwelling
spaces enable man to realize that these dwelling places are compendia
of memoriesof ways and habits once cherished, people and lifestyles
once loved and taken for granted. Dwelling places are spaces encompassing
life's archetypal stages.
"Good writing is pleasure
first," says Donald Hall, "bodily pleasure, for the body is
poetry's door; the sound of wordsthrobbing in legs and arms; rich
in the mouthlet us into the house."9
The selected short prose pieces
referred to in this article are indeed pleasures first. Words and punctuation,
line length, text shape, and assonance make Woolfs language a malleable,
living material. "The arrangement of her words is beautiful ... because
it is a symbol, half concrete and half emotional, for the most abstract
and intellectual problems of life: the problems of the relationships of
man to the world outside him.10
Woolfs words describing
intimate places, dwelling spaces, seem to swell in the mouth and satisfy
as the ordinariness of everyday life is deepened through the use of concrete
images. "So now I think of the fire; the steady film of yellow light
upon the page of my book; the three chrysanthemums in the round glass
bowl on the mantelpiece" depicts poetically the act of reading in
"Mark. "She kept on looking into the glass, dipping into
that dreadfully showing-up blue pool," relates the dismay nearly
everyone encounters in a room when looking at himself in a mirror
the dismay over the discrepancy between the reality of the self in the
mirror which will be criticized by society and the symbolism of the "mirror
as a frame revealing one's imperceptible inner riches or depths,"11
("The New Dress"). Such images are
rosetta stones that comfort the reader, permit him to identify with others,
ask him to leave momentarily his own reading of the piece even and think
of similarities in his own past.
Virginia Woolf writes of three
types of dwelling spacesrooms, books, and gardensin "A
Haunted House," "Monday or Tuesday," "Kew Gardens,"
"The Mark on the Wall," "The New Dress," "The
Lady in the Looking-Glass, The Legacy," "Hours in
a Library and A Room of One's Own.
rooms are "inhabited places which transcend geometrical spaces"12
and where thinking may take risks. Her rooms are the
original shell, or geometric site, furnished with paintings and books,
and "then there were the bird cages, the iron hoops, the steel skates,
the Queen Anne coal scuttle, the bagatelle board, the hand organ13
("Mark"). Within that shell, one can suffer from "psychological
inhibitions internalized from social stereotypes14
or one can sublimate anger and plunge into forbidden territory and "discover
an unfettered identity."15
Rooms are spaces sometimes independent
of people and sometimes reflecting them, for like Vanessa Bell (painter),
Woolf sees spaces within spaces: individuals live in rooms; rooms
exist in houses; houses exist within city or landscapes.16
They are "part of a framework of circulationthey
are parts of larger areas and are focuses in a system of localisation;"17
and although these spaces or rooms are often found in
patriarchal houses, they are "alternative or private spaces free
from domestic, social, and financial management duties."18
"Concentrated and central; they are vertical and
so rise from the ground and lift into our dreams, imagination,"19
and fresh thinking. Redolent of Woolf's own bifurcated
room of adolescence (with "its mundane sleeping half and its living
), rooms are the center of solitude and of boredom or
the birthplace of thinking. Cradled within Woolf's rooms, thinking and
daydreaming are sheltered, and the imagination can build walls of safety
to protect fresh thought. Rooms allow for the freedom of (imagination)
movement within the confines of the familiar. "From room to room
they went," says the narrator in "A Haunted House"; from
thought to thought, from extravagance to extravagance, from treasure (love)
to treasure (life) went the coupleinvisiblyin the privacy
of their shell, of "their repository.21
And only a roomful of space is required for concentrated,
uninterrupted hours during which a woman, like a man, can write a story,
says Woolf in A Room of One's Own.
Woolfs rooms reflect her
language and become a redemptive power sometimes seeking to replace suffering
with understanding: "He could hear the cheap clock ticking on her
mantelpiece; then a long drawn sigh... he had received his legacy ...
she had told him the truth," in "The Legacy". Her rooms
are a place where chance lives shaking space easily from his wings,
knowing his way, (the narrator watches) the heron pass(es)
sky covers and uncovers, moves and remains" in "Monday or Tuesday";
where choice fluctuates and "the doors go shutting far in the distance,
gently knocking like the pulse of a heart" in "A Haunted House."
Her rooms are an autobiographic, nostalgic locale for word lovers,
Thus to stand
in a great bookshop crammed with books so new that their pages almost
stick together, and the gilt on their backs is still fresh, has an excitement
no less delightful than the old excitement of the secondhand bookstall.
("Hours in a Library")
rooms are states of illumination. Characters' pasts are opened up and
presented as layers of richness through the imagery of their furnishings.
"The quiet old country room with its rugs and stone chimney pieces,
its sunken bookcases and red and gold lacquer cabinets ... " in "The
Lady in the Looking-Glass" paints Isabella's depth of personality,
personal history, and varied interests. "Her eyes rested on the writing
table behind him," indicate Sissy Miller's knowledge of her employer's
habits of being in "The Legacy." Both rooms' furnishings reflect
their mistresses' souls: Isabella's rugs, besides warming her room, symbolically
cover the secrets in her cabinets where there "were many little drawers,
and each almost certainly held letters," for "drawers (in chests
and wardrobes and cabinets) bury treasures and bury the true self.22
In the drawers, the letters turn from experience to
memory and imagination. In drawers, shrouds for objects, Isabella hides
herself; in her rooms, hidden from view, Isabella may change, open her
grave, for "a secret is a grave",23
and take risks with her thinking. Angela's desk is the
place where she changed, the place where she made decisions in her journal
to love another man, to commit suicide for that man; it is her grave,
which is recognized only as a writing table, where she takes letters for
her politician husband. No one outside will notice unless she wishes them
to (no one does until the diaries are read). In "The Mark on the
Wall," the narrator's guilt of voyaging within is revealed, for after
dreaming, "one hastily worships the chest of drawers". Drawers
are also knowledge and concepts classified;24
there is no haziness with a chest of drawers, and momentarily
the narrator is reassured by reality, the opposite of imagination, the
opposite of her personal world.
Our dwelling places are always
inhabited with loss and longing. They are never bare25
in our minds and memories and readings. Woolfs
pensive and lyrical tones arrest attention with their sense of loss,
be nothing but spaces of light and dark, intersected by thick stalks,
and rather higher up perhaps, rose-shaped blots of an indistinct colordim
pinks and blues - which will, as time goes on, become more definite,
becomeI don't know what... ("Mark"),
and of absence,
"What did I come in here for? What did I want to find?" (House).
Dwelling places are permeated by the need to belong to memory, to generations
past, to enable to feel again rooms we have known through story or experience.
Mabel's childhood rooms "with the linoleum worn on the stair edges"
are revisited in Mrs. Dalloway's party rooms along with other "delicious
moments" "reading the other night in bed, "opening
a lettercoming into a roomdivine moments" in "The
New Dress". They suggest rooms we would like to know through imagination,
"like a vast nest of Chinese boxes all of wrought steel turning ceaselessly
one within another"(Kew). Such symbolism articulates a longing for
a city of nests, of rooms with voices crying aloud, articulates a longing
for the "infinite openings promised by a complex of boxes within
voices "the need to transcend the protected apertures of the bounded
space of house.27
The sense of loss and of need
is gnawing and organic; if one walks the rooms of others or the rooms
of his present or past, whether in real life or in dreams and memories,
absences are filled with small satisfactions. "I have enjoyed myself,"
Mabel said to Mrs. Dalloway as she left the party. Mrs. Dalloway does
not know that Mabel has enjoyed the inner immensities opened up to her
through speculation and musing during the boredom of the party held in
her rooms. Likewise, in "Looking-Glass", the narrator seems
to think Isabella will enjoy the inner immensities opened up to her by
the letters arranged on her marble-topped table. After reading, Isabella
would then hide her secrets, "tie the letters together, lock the
cabinet drawer ... conceal what she did not wish to be known." For
Isabella's life, unlike her room, is empty28
and passes society's scrutiny.
Not all the
pieces in this selection center on rooms; rather, some treat only slightly
of rooms and so are doorways and windows (penetrations of light or the
slender thresholds between inner and outer worlds)
to books and gardens, and sometimes, other types of rooms. Each reader
has the choice of going through that doorway to the room, books, garden
within, or of just passing by. But here I was actually at the door
which leads into the library itself. I must have opened it, for instantly
there issued, like a guardian angel barring the way with a flutter of
Light and weather penetrate interiors ... "Next
day the light of the October morning was falling in dusty shafts through
the uncurtained windows, and the hum of traffic rose from the street"
(Room); lighted windows cast their glows upon exterior landscape ... "I
found my way back to my house by the river. Lamps were being lit and an
indescribable change had come over London since the morning hour"
(Room); but, more important, people look at views outside.
So we talked
standing at the window and looking, as so many thousands look every
night, down on the domes and towers of the famous city beneath us. It
was very beautiful, very mysterious in the autumn moonlight. The old
stone looked very white and venerable. (Room)
palimpsest is a manuscript in which earlier erased drafts sometimes can
be glimpsed. Such glimpses deepen meaning and intent. Some of the passages
in this selection of short pieces can be compared to palimpsests: narrators
visit former dwelling places to confront memories and are interrupted,
sometimes jarred, by the lingering traces of even earlier memories.
always think of the past, in a garden with men and women lying under
the trees? Aren't they one's past, all that remains of it, those men
and women, those ghosts lying under the trees ... one's happiness, one's
reality? ("Kew Gardens")
these earlier common memories can offer a sense of immensity in one's
own individual memories: "For me, a square silver shoe buckle and
a dragonfly," (recollection of a love affair) says Simon. "For
me, a kiss," (recollection of a childhood painting lesson) says Eleanor.
Some of Woolfs passages
are filled with light and thus imbue the prose with the qualities of still
lifes and suggest rich inner immensities in the characters' lives. "[Woolf]
recreates the ecstatic moments during which the external world and the
self unite in a stasis that is like a still-life painting.30
In "A Haunted House," the light fades. "Out
in the garden then? ... the trees spun darkness for a wandering beam of
"the beam of the lamp falls straight from the window
... the candle burns stiff and tall" ... the eyes of the house are
vigilant and watch "wild beams of moonlight cross both floor and
wall," and thus the imagery of light leads to the buried treasure,
"the light in the heart or the treasure of freedom, the inner
vastness inherent to every man. In "Monday or Tuesday," the
firelight darts and reddens the room, while from the depths of ivory pages
black words rise, "blossom and penetrate". In "Kew Gardens,"
light falls on pebbles, on the snail (a shell, a primeval room of solitude
and boredom where thinking begins), on a leaf. The garden is filled with
irregular patches of sunlight and shade suggesting chances in life, and
these chances are enhanced by the characters who walk through. These patches
later symbolize the patterns of words in the text used by the speakers,
the flower beds themselves, the psychic rooms within. In "Looking-Glass,"
the empty house was "full of such shy creatures, lights and shadows,"
and the sense of seasons' lights passing is felt through the mention of
the drawers holding lavender or rose leaves. Isabella stands "naked
in that pitiless light," an acid-like light that leaves only the
truth of her misery in her pretentious public life.
Books in Woolf's
writings are rooms within rooms. A book is a room. It is a place one may
enter to encounter others in their rooms, to discover
men and women feel, what are their houses like and what clothes do they
wear, what money have they and what food do they eat, what do they love
and hate, what do they see of the surrounding world, and what is the
dream that fills the spaces of their active lives? ("Hours In a
books, a reader creates an emotional landscape, and eventually, the poem
or the book becomes part of the "furniture of our minds."31
A book is a space where one
may begin a psychic voyage, for reading takes readers into other spaces
and states of mind.32
Like lamps, books keep vigil, wait, light the way, suggest
unvoiced desire through the angles in which they are found. "Fiction
will be much the better for standing cheek by jowl with poetry and philosophy"
(Room); "I like reading--reading books in the bulk (Room);
"I had come at last, in the course of this rambling, to the shelves
which hold books by the living; by women and by men
"The novel alone was young enough to be soft in her hands" (Room).
In the warm and worn nests of
books, it is safe to take apart and reconstruct old beliefs and notions.
Emotion or the lack of it is the business only of the occupant of the
nest, for the nest implies simplicity33
and is absent of society's inquisitions. The occupant
is suspended beyond judgment, for the book, like a dwelling space, gives
permission to explore, voyage, redefine. Fallen the book ... now
voyaging" in "Monday or Tuesday" defines a book as a nest
ever-spreading, incorporating sound and smell, collecting details, accumulating
thoughts and reactions, and finally deepening. The book frees its reader
to leave the reading space and voyage. In "Kew Gardens," again,
a sense of voyage, through text, from the dwelling space of the garden
is demonstrated by "words with short wings for their heavy body of
meaning." Mabel, in "The New Dress," thinks of reading
Borrow or Scott when she feels stunted and filled with the tumult of memory
in Mrs. Dalloway's rooms. After reliving memories, due to the suffocation
of the party and of those rooms, Mabel resolves she will go to the "London
Library tomorrow ... find some wonderful, astonishing book, quite by chance,
... by an American no one had heard of." Isabella's letters in "Looking-Glass"
may be likened to books, and in "The Legacy," Angela's fifteen
diary volumes are indeed accounts of physical voyages away from complacency
and housewifery; they are rooms of intimacy.
Another inhabitant of intimate
space, the reader, is a traveler, as suggested by Woolf in "Hours
in a Library":
the daily news, though versed in the catalogues of the secondhand booksellers,
in whose dark premises he spends the hours of sunlight ... the true
reader is essentially young ... he is open minded and communicative,
to whom reading is more of the nature of brisk exercise in the open
air than of sheltered study; he trudges the high road.
society's imposed boundaries between imagined and lived lives; he walks
from his mind into the world, for minds, in Woolfs fiction, are
"lighted rooms with furniture, dim rooms animated by ambiguous shapes
as well as landscapes with mountains, valleys, sliding rivers, deep pools,
and cloudy skies.34
gardens are a place between inner immensities and outer immensities. They
are restricted and restricting spaces, a compromise between reality and
imagination. Yet they are a space to wonder about other spaces, to encounter
the vastness of roads and cities and universe, to comprehend the vastness
or immensity within.
is within ourselves. It is attached to a sort of expansion of being
that life curbs and caution arrests, but which starts again when we
are alone. As soon as we become motionless, we are elsewhere; we are
dreaming in a world that is immense. Indeed, immensity is the movement
of motionless man.35
A garden is
created for beauty, repose, and for cultivating flowers, food, and feelings
of contentment and anticipation. It has a boundary (wall, fence, hedge),
and it has a focus (trees, shrubs, flowers, vegetables). It may have lawn,
vines, and rocks. It is a landscape reflecting the interior or the mind
of man. By standing inside the concrete and relative safety of a garden
space, one views the vastness of the city and the universe; in the same
moment, one is made aware of the psychological immensity within.36
A garden is a transition from the solitude of the room
to the social and political existences in the world. It is a passageway
in which people temporarily, but perhaps comfortably, gather.
A garden is often the antithesis
of the geometry of the city. The hierarchical order of man in the city
is usually erased in the garden and replaced with a complete informality
of nature. The garden is not designed to give a visitor a number of privileged
Seeing is an aesthetic and intellectual
activity that puts a distance between the object and the observer; therefore,
the ideal garden is designed to involve, to encompass the visitor who,
as he walks along a winding trail, is exposed to a controlled number of
shifting scenes. The ideal garden is in "the shape of a square, is
created on flat ground, and has sections for fragrant herbs as well as
flowers. A fountain is placed in the middle," Tuan quotes Crescentius.38
Crescentius did not distinguish between gardens suitable
for humble people and those appropriate for noblemen and kings.
Yet some gardens seem to be
for the privileged with their showy views of distant horizons marked by
paths, other trees, and ponds. When a garden seeks to glorify man and
his expertise (ornate fountains, avenues of trees), it loses its immediacy
as a source of contemplation in a natural landscape and as a "background
for commonplace human activities"39
with a "controlled number of aesthetic experiences."40
Woolfs gardens are mostly
an extension of her rooms and books. Afloat in the immensity of themselves,
her characters are nevertheless attracted to the universe beyond. "All
strongly terrestrial beings are subject to the attractions of an aereal
Woolfs flowers, rarely seen in isolation, are
used to complement her characters' dimensions. Woolfs flowers are
"metaphors and similes for people and for their moments of intense
perception ... they are indices of their natural cycles or states of mind.42
In "Kew Gardens," flowers are presented through
their shapes and colors, and thus appeal to man through his earliest symbols
and are redolent of his primeval and natural state. The initial flower
bed is oval-shaped (womb-shaped), and its erotic stalk imagery ("stalks
rise with tongue-shaped leaves") suggests the garden is a place of
fertility. The flowers are red, blue, and yellow. The colors, red and
yellow advance, reach out, stimulate the nervous system and suggest warmth.
Red signifies life, blood, energy, and joy. Red also signifies calamity,
warfare, interment shrouds. Red is blood and spilled blood: life and death.
Blue recedes and suggests coolness. Blue is lighter and suggests purity
and timelessness. The heaviness of red and the lightness of blue suggest
appearance and disappearance, or the fragility and evanescence of life.43
Somewhat ironically, against this primeval backdrop,
different levels of modern society and their prevailing rules of decorum
are encountered and "fused into an organic whole,"44
and cause the image of garden in this story to turn and
become most room-like. Passersby are dressed and self-contained and well-mannered
as though the garden has walls surrounding it; people converse (although
they may not always listen attentively); they take tea at cloth-covered
tables. In this outside dwelling space, inhabitants follow society's forms
proscribed for interiors. The snail brings the garden image, its messages
of retreat and reflection, and its senses of achievement and purpose and
"link to human interludes45
indoors in "Mark." Thus "Mark" is
the reverse of "Kew Gardens"; it is an interior tale which has
an exterior (garden and beyond) quality to it due to its musings on politics,
history, and botany, and "the slow, delicious ooze of sap; the song
of birds ... the cold feet of insects".
In "A Haunted House,"
the garden is reflected in the house's windowpanes: "the window panes
reflected apples, reflected roses, all the leaves were green in the glass."
By using garden motif, by reflecting apples (which may be interpreted
as a "symbolic representation of the Fall and man's redemption46
), roses (indicative of "divine love47
), leaves green in the glass (green meaning rebirth
), the house's haunting qualities49
are established as those of
wisdom, purity, timelessness. For a time, one of the house's inhabitants
had left the other, had gone beyond the garden, had seen "the stars
turned in the Southern sky." But as a limb of his dwelling space,
he had returned. In "Monday or Tuesday", the world is whirled
through: streets, mountains, noise are seen and heard by the narrator
(through the use of the image of a heron) from her dwelling space; yet
"lazy and indifferent the heron returns." Compared with seeing,
hearing is unfocused; therefore, Woolfs color imagery is emphasized.
Beneath the distant whiteness, is a mountain, "the sun gold on its
slopes. This passage is reminiscent of sacred gardens that were
planned so visitors would face the east "and the doctrine of the
At midday, the dome is red, and the room
is red. In sacred gardens, red flowers were abundant and symbolized life,
joy, blood, spilled blood, and interment. In "Looking-Glass,"
the garden path is reflected in the mirror along with the hall itself
and so leads Isabella away from the secrets of herself tied up in her
cabinets. Isabella picks flowers in her garden, she snips sprays of traveler's-joy,
and rehearses dinner party conversation. But she does not leave the garden;
rather she picks more flowers and returns to the house and her letters
(although these prove to be bills) and her secrets and memories of emotionally
richer, and perhaps happier, times. "She came so gradually that she
did not seem to derange the pattern in the glass, but only to bring some
new element which gently moved and altered the other objects as if asking
them, courteously, to make room for her. And the letters ... and the flowers
... and the garden path opened out so she might be received." She
is dressed in gray-green and thus symbolizes wisdom, death, and rebirth
as well as fertility, potential, and timelessness.51
has looked into the most secret regions of her own being from the garden.
A concordance of world immensity with intimate depth of being,52
has been realized by Isabella.
is the unsayable said, says Donald Hall.53
In these selected prose pieces
of Virginia Woolf, the unsayable is said. A sense of loss, a sense of
immensity confronts, perhaps disturbs, but ultimately reassures. Through
the use of dwelling space as a metaphor, Woolf captures the static physical
setting, the activities and the meanings of place.54
Through people in roomsor variations of roomsvoicing
their longings, restlessnesses, and memories, Woolf turns a page of inert
text into a living presence, an inner immensity.
Gaston. The Poetics Of Space. Boston: Beacon Press, 1969.
Shuli. "Virginia Woolfs Pursuit of Truth: Monday or Tuesday,
Moments of Being, and The Lady in the Looking-Glass." Virginia
Woolf Critical Assessments, Volume II. East Sussex: Helm Information
Susan. "'I Am Not Trying to Tell a Story': Three Short Fictions by
Virginia Woolf. Virginia Woolf Critical Assessments, Volume II.
East Sussex: Helm Information Ltd., 1994.
Diane Filby. The Sisters' Arts. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University
Donald. Poetry: The Unsayable Said. Port Townsend, WA: Copper Canyon
Clare. Virginia Woolf. New York: St. Martin's Press, Inc., 1994.
Carl G. Man and His Symbols. New York: Dell Publishing, 1968.
M.E. "Virginia Woolf and the She-Condition." Virginia Woolf
Critical Assessments, Volume II. East Sussex: Helm Information Ltd.,
Deborah. Virginia Woolf. Melbourne: Melbourne University Press, 1946.
John. "Virginia Woolfs Kew Gardens." Virginia Woolf
Critical Assessments, Volume II. East Sussex: Helm Information Ltd.,
Edward. Place and Placelessness. London: Pion Limited, 1976.
Ellen Hawkes. "A Form of One's Own." Virginia Woolf Critical
Assessments, Volume II. East Sussex, Helm Information Ltd., 1994.
George. George Sand-Gustave Flaubert Letters. Chicago: Academy
Chicago Limited, 1977.
Lenora Penna. "Spaces, Places, Houses, Rooms: A Feminist Perspective."
Virginia Woolf: Themes and Variations (Selected Papers from the
Second Annual Conference on Virginia Woolf). New York: Pace University
Julie Robin. "Staking Ground: The Politics of Space in Virginia Woolf's
A Room of One's Own and Three Guineas." Virginia Woolf Critical
Assessments, Volume II. East Sussex: Helm Information Ltd., 1994.
N.C. The Symbolism of Virginia Woolf. London: Oxford University
Yi-fu. Landscapes of Fear. New York: Pantheon Books, 1979.
Yi-fu. Topophilia. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1974.
Virginia. A Haunted House. New York: Harcourt Brace, Jovanovich,
Virginia. Hours in a Library. New York: Harcourt, Brace and Company,
Virginia. Monday or Tuesday. New York: Harcourt, Brace and Company,
Virginia. The Question of Things Happening: The Letters of Virginia
Woolf Volume II. London: The Hogarth Press, 1976.
Virginia. A Room of One's Own. New York: Harcourt, Brace and Company,
Virginia. A Writer's Diary. New York: Harcourt, Brace and Company,
has a BA in English Literature from Wheaton College (Norton), and has
done extensive graduate work in English and American literature and language
at Harvard University. Her poetry and prose have been published in numerous
journals including The Montserrat Review, 3rd Bed, Modern Haiku, Brevity,
The Paumanok Review, Writer Online, and Oyster Boy Review.
She teaches at Writers on The Net,
is creative writing moderator at SayStuff.com,
lives in Boston, and has one son.